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The Nine Steps of Software Product Development Life Cycle

Wednesday, November 10th 2021.

Failure at this stage will almost certainly result in cost overruns at best and the total collapse of the project at worst. An SDLC outlines a detailed, step-by-step plan for software development. The practice speeds up decision-making during product creation and minimizes risks while keeping all teams on the same page.

development cycle of software

Unlike the iterative incremental model, an agile SDLC does not rush the team to deploy the product to customers. Instead, the emphasis is on finding the balance between quality and speed. The agile methodology relies on ongoing release cycles that make small, incremental changes to the previous release. Builds evolve as teams add new features and improvements with each deployment. Companies opt for this model to get valuable early feedback from customers.

If earlier stages are thoroughly done, this stage is relatively easy to complete as all the work to be done is on paper. After detailed testing, the conclusive product is released in phases as per the organization’s strategy. If it performs well, the organization sends out the product as a whole. After retrieving beneficial feedback, the company releases it as it is or with auxiliary improvements to make it further helpful for the customers. For this, developers use a specific programming code as per the design in the DDS.

In the planning phase, an organization identifies the contents, timeline, purpose, and other elements of the release. Planning involves collecting requirements, establishing benchmarks, identifying key dates, and other activities. The agile framework is built around rapid change and continuous improvement. Agile developers collaborate constantly, developing a framework with a clear set of principles and objectives to guide their flexible development process.

Examples of a Software Development Life Cycle Model

SDLC includes a detailed plan for how to develop, alter, maintain, and replace a software system. SDLC or the Software Development Life Cycle is a process that produces software with the highest quality and lowest cost in the shortest time. While SDLC and project management are two different concepts, they often work together. In fact, many project managers use SDLC as a guide for managing their projects. It enables developers to estimate the costs in the initial phases and prevent costly mistakes.

This SDLC testing model helps the team to adopt elements of one or more process models like a waterfall, incremental, waterfall, etc. In this third phase, the system and software design documents are prepared as per the requirement specification document. System assessments are conducted in order to correct deficiencies and adapt the system for continued improvement.

  • Depending on the specifications of the software, different programming languages are used.
  • Computer scientists, software development practitioners, and leaders have always aimed to deliver better software faster.
  • Without setting goals, we have don’t know what we’re trying to accomplish and have no…
  • Baselines are an important part of the systems development life cycle.
  • The Software Development Life Cycle describes the process we follow to deliver software to customers.

Without using an exact life cycle model, the development of a software product would not be in a systematic and disciplined manner. When a team is developing a software product, there must be a clear understanding among team representative about when and what to do. Suppose a software development issue is divided into various parts and the parts are assigned to the team members. From then on, suppose the team representative is allowed the freedom to develop the roles assigned to them in whatever way they like. In keeping with DevOps and cloud native software methodologies, the deployment phase should be automated as much as possible. High-maturity enterprises often implement this phase in a manner that deploys software as soon as it is ready, at the end of a dedicated sprint or development cycle.

Software development life cycle: Agile model

A natural choice for small teams and companies without strict formal processes. A good option for simple, low-value products that do not interact with customers. Requires a solid understanding of product requirements before you deploy the first iteration. An “overkill” for smaller projects with few dependencies and simple requirements.

Production environment, where systems finally get deployed for final use by their intended end users. Some companies decide to create a prototype during this SDLC stage. While time-consuming, prototyping is much less expensive than making radical changes after the development phase. A product’s SDLC must be a living process that the team regularly updates .

Object-oriented analysis

The SDLC phases serve as a programmatic guide to project activity and provide a flexible but consistent way to conduct projects to a depth matching the scope of the project. Each of the SDLC phase objectives are described in this section with key deliverables, a description of recommended tasks, and a summary of related control objectives for effective management. It is critical for the project manager to establish and monitor control objectives during each SDLC phase while executing projects. Control objectives help to provide a clear statement of the desired result or purpose and should be used throughout the entire SDLC process. Control objectives can be grouped into major categories , and relate to the SDLC phases as shown in the figure.

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This allows any stakeholders to safely play with the product before releasing it to the market. Besides, this allows any final mistakes to be caught before releasing the product. Next, let’s explore the different stages of the Software Development Life Cycle.

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The benefits of SDLC only exist if the plan is followed faithfully. At this stage, the goal is to deploy the software to the production environment so users can start using the product. However, many organizations choose to move the product through different deployment environments such as a testing or staging environment. ” This phase of the SDLC starts by turning the software specifications into a design plan called the Design Specification. All stakeholders then review this plan and offer feedback and suggestions. It’s crucial to have a plan for collecting and incorporating stakeholder input into this document.

development cycle of software

Plans are laid out concerning the architecture, hardware, operating systems, programming, communications and security issues. Many of these models are shared with the development of software, such as waterfall or cloud team agile. Numerous model frameworks can be adapted to fit into the development of software. For enterprises with lower maturity, or in some highly regulated industries, the process involves some manual approvals.

Training for a Team

This is the stage where the engineering team actually codes the product. At this stage, the development team translates the high-level overview communicated in the roadmap into a tactical set of assignments, due dates, and day-to-day work schedules. In this phase of SDLC, the actual development begins, and the programming is built. Developers have to follow the coding guidelines described by their management and programming tools like compilers, interpreters, debuggers, etc. are used to develop and implement the code. The next phase is about to bring down all the knowledge of requirements, analysis, and design of the software project. This phase is the product of the last two, like inputs from the customer and requirement gathering.

development cycle of software

Object-oriented analysis is the process of analyzing a task , to develop a conceptual model that can then be used to complete the task. A typical OOA model would describe computer software that could be used to satisfy a set of customer-defined requirements. During the analysis phase of problem-solving, a programmer might consider a written requirements statement, a formal vision document, or interviews with stakeholders or other interested parties. The task to be addressed might be divided into several subtasks , each representing a different business, technological, or other areas of interest. It is critical to include secure coding standards during the development phase, as well as encouraging selection of secure open source and third-party components being brought into the project. CLASP not only addresses ways to enhance established processes, but also helps teams address specific vulnerabilities and coding weaknesses which could be exploited and lead to major security breaches.


Each iteration starts by looking ahead to potential risks and figuring out how best to avoid or mitigate them. Software development is a huge undertaking and requires thorough planning, regardless of the model. Software development should begin with requirements gathering and undergo architecture design, development, testing, and deployment. After that, the SDLC continues with post-launch maintenance, including software updates and support.

It’s important to have a set timeline and milestones so the software developers understand the expectations and you can keep track of the progress in this stage. Fortify offers the most comprehensive static code analysis and dynamic application security testing technologies backed by industry-leading security research. Fortify offers a complete toolset of application security solutions to shift security left in your SDLC. By design, Fortify and other Micro Focus tools bridge the gap between existing and emerging technologies—which means you can innovate faster, with less risk, in the race to digital transformation. It allows developers to analyze the requirements and helps in effectively plan before starting the actual development. They must be agile to efficiently collaborate with others and implement any arising changes early.

One example of an Iterative model is the Rational Unified Process , developed by IBM’s Rational Software division. RUP is a process product, designed to enhance team productivity for a wide range of projects and organizations. As unforeseen bugs are then solved as quickly as possible, the users will subsequently experience the product to the fullest.

Software development

However, this stage refers to the testing only stage of the product where product defects are reported, tracked, fixed and retested, until the product reaches the quality standards defined in the SRS. Developers must follow the coding guidelines defined by their organization and programming tools like compilers, interpreters, debuggers, etc. are used to generate the code. Different high level programming languages such as C, C++, Pascal, Java and PHP are used for coding. The programming language is chosen with respect to the type of software being developed. SRS is the reference for product architects to come out with the best architecture for the product to be developed.

You can automate this process and schedule your deployment depending on the type. For example, if you are only deploying a feature update, you can do so with a small number of users . If you are creating a brand new software, you can learn more about the different stages of the software release life cycle . The actual development phase is where the development team turns product specifications and business requirements into code that makes the product. The entire project is planned upfront without any scope for changing requirements, such as Waterfall are all rigid and highly controlled.

To create high-quality software, you need a process in place that helps you manage your time and resources. SDLC is a methodology that helps developers plan, create, test, and deploy high-quality software products at the lowest costs and as quickly as possible. You can use this software quality management process for both small-scale projects and large-scale enterprise applications. A software development life cycle begins with a decision to build software and ends after removing that software from exploitation.

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